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自考高级英语复习笔记及讲解四

Lesson Five 1. I‘d rather …… than : prefer …… to …… .如:I’d rather deal with a simple man than a sophisticated man . 我宁愿与纯朴的人打交道,不愿与世故的人交往。

I had rather never have been born than see this day of humiliation. 我宁愿自己未曾出生,也不愿遭受今天的耻辱。

I would (had ) rather ……但愿(+that 从句中用过去式)。

如:I would rather he didn‘t tell her about it .我真希望他不告诉她这件事。

I had rather you did it alone . 但愿你一人做。

2. handicap : 1) any disadvantage that makes success more difficult . 不利的因素。

如:Bad health is a handicap. 身体不好是不利因素。

His lack of English is a great handicap to him .他不懂英语对他是一大缺陷。

2 ) a physical or mental disability残疾。

如:Blindness is a great handicap.眼瞎是一大残疾。

3. at once at the same time ; simultaneously 同时。

如:It‘s hard for one to do two things at once .人很难同时做两件事。

4. eliminate: get rid of ; remove 消除。

如:to eliminate poverty根除贫穷; eliminate the prejudice消除偏见。

5. brainwash洗脑。

如:Don‘t let television commercials brainwash you into buying anything you actually don’t need .别让电视广告引诱你购买自己实际不需要的东西。

6. invariably : always 常常,总是。

如:It‘s invariably wet when they take their holidays . 他们度假时总是下雨。

His intuition is invariably correct . 他的直觉总是对的。

7. campaign : a connect set of actions to obtain a particular result in politics or business (社会,政治,选举)运动;游说,宣传活动。

如:an election campaign选举活动;an advertising campaign 广告宣传;a compaign to combat crime防止犯罪运动。

8. stereotype : a conventional , oversimplified conception陈腔滥调;陈规,老套,固定的现象。

如:He fits the stereotype of a ‘scholar’ . 他是典型的‘’学者‘’。 The idea is an old-fashioned stereotype .这观点是老一套了。

9. predominate: be superior in numbers , etc. 占多数的。

如:Greens predominated in the picture .绿色植物是画中最醒目的。

presominate over胜过。

10. mold: work into a requied shape or from塑造。

如:Statues are molded out of bronze .雕像是用青铜铸成的。

He molded his style on the best writers . 他以第一流作者为榜样塑造了自己的文体。

Lesson Six 1. keep in touch with: contact保持联系。

如;Let‘s keep in touch . 让我们保持联系吧。

Keep in close touch with me . 与我保持密切联系。

2.(be) in for : certain to undergo 不能避免。

如:The naughty boy is in for a beating . 淘气的男孩免不了要挨打。

We are in for a rainy season .我们不可避免要遭遇雨季。

It looks as if we‘re in for stormy weather .看那样子,似乎我们一定会遇到暴风雨。

3. reference: a mention, allusion 提及。

如:The court made numerous references to him as a witness. 法院经常传他去做证人。

4. in good spirits:情绪很好。

spirits : [plural] mood with regard to great happiness or great sadness情绪。

如:I hope you will be in better spirits when we meet again.我希望我们下次见面时你情绪会好些。

He is so depressed that I wonder who could lift his spirits.他非常沮丧,我不知他能否振作起来。

5. embitter : make bitter and angry使……怨恨。

如;being scolded without good reasons embittered him . 让人无端指责,他感到一腔怨气。

en- , em (在b ,p 前)加在名词或形容词上转成动词。

另如:enable(使能够); enamor 引起……的爱;encase将……装入箱中;enchant 施以魔法,使着迷。

embody具体体现; empower授权; emotionally使成紫色。

6. agitate: to disturb or excite emotionally 使不安,使兴奋。

如:His fiery speech agitated the crowd . 他的激情演讲让听众大为兴奋。

He was explaining the situation in an agitated manner . 他兴奋地说明着当时的情形。

agitate oneself over……为……独自焦虑。

如:Don‘t agitate yourself over such a thing .不要为这种事焦虑。

7. know of his whereabouts知道他的下落。

a ) know of: have heard about 听说过,知道(有……)。

如:Do you know of any cinema in this neighborhood?

你知道这小区里有电影院吗?

I know of a shop where you can get things like this . 我知道有一家商店,你可以买到这样的东西。

I don‘t know him, but I know of him .我不认识他,但知道有这个人。

b ) whereabouts: the place where a person or thing is 下落,去向。

如:I‘m still in the dark about his whereabouts.我仍然不知道他的下落。

8. inch : move by small degrees缓慢行进。

如:The children inched through the traffic . 孩子们在拥挤的交通中缓慢前进。

I inched my way through the narrow space beeen the trucks . 9. tentative: a) of the nature of an experiment 试验性的;b ) unsure , not definite , hesitant 犹豫。

a tentative arrangrment 临时安排/a tentative offer试验性建议10. scoff at: mock at; jeer at:嘲笑,嘲弄。

如:You should not scoff at others‘ belief. 你不能嘲笑别人的信仰。

11. end up: reach a final state or condition 最后(有了某种结局),最后。

如:If you drive so rashly, you will end up in hospital .如果你这么鲁莽开车,最终会住进医院的。

He ended up tired and broke . 他最后累垮了,破产了。

12. associate with: keep company with与……陪伴。

如:He didn‘t allow his daughter to associate with anyone who smoked or drank.他不让他女儿与任何抽烟或喝酒的人为伍。

Whitman always assoisated with the working masses.惠特曼总是和工人阶级在一起。

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