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自考英语语法复习:虚拟语气

高等职业教育自考考试,通称自考考试、自学考试,1981年经国务院办公厅准许开创,是对自学者开展的以学历考试为主导的高等职业教育全国考试。是本人通过自学和全国考试紧密结合的高等职业教育方式,是在我国社会主义社会高等职业教育管理体系的关键构成部分。是落实宪法学激励自学成功的相关要求,铸就和选拨才德兼备的专业人才,提升全中华民族的观念思想素质和科学研究文化素养,以融入社会主义社会现代化建设的必须。”

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虚拟语气是一种动词形式,表明讲话人的一种心愿,假定,猜疑,猜想,提议等含意,虚拟语气所表明的含意并不是客观现实的客观事实。

If I were you, I’d take them away. 如果我是你得话,我也会带去她们。

If I had met Li Hua, I could had told him. 假如遇到了李华,我也对他说了。

If I had time. I could come to help you. 假如是我時间,我能来协助你的。

He suggested that our class should be spanided into five groups. 他提议说大家的班应当分为五个工作组。

He speaks to us as if he had been there. 他给大家讲的好像他来过那里。

虚拟语气的使用方法:

一. 虚拟语气用在宾语从句中。

形容词 suggest, order, insist, propose, require, request, recommend, command, desire,等词后边的宾语从句表明的是一种虚拟语气,宾语从句中的形容词姿势表明的仅仅一种心愿、规定。

He insisted that all of us should be there on time by any means.

他坚持不懈要我们大家想方设法准时去那里。

形容词 demand, suggest, order, insist, propose, require, request, recommend, command, desire,等后边的从句中,"should" 能够省去。

The teacher suggested that we (should) clean the blackboard after class.

教师提议大家课后练习把黑板擦了。

He ordered that the students wash the clothes every week by themselves.

他规定学员每星期都需要自身洗床单。

He asked that he be given an opportunity to try.

他规定给他们一个试一下的机遇。

二. 虚拟语气用在简单句中,表明祝福,指令。

May you be happy. 希望你幸福。

May you have a good time. 祝福你玩的爽快。

May the friendship between us last long. 祝福大家的友谊地久天长。

Have a good journey! 祝福你旅行愉快!

You go out! 你出去!

三. 虚拟语气用在主语从句中。

在句式 "It is important (necessary, strange, natural,desired, requested, ordered, 等) that …. " 中,that 后边的从句中的谓语动词用: should 动词原形

It’s necessary that we should have a walk now.大家必须出来散散心。

It’s natural that she should do so. 她那样做是很当然的。

It’s important that we should take good care of the patient.

关键的是我们要照顾好患者。

It is desired that we (should) get everything ready by tonight.

四. 虚拟语气在表语从句和同位语从句中。

suggestion, motion, proposal, order, recommendation, plan, idea, 等后边的表语从句和同位语从句。My suggestion is that we (should) send a few people to help the other group.

我们建议是大家派几个人去帮相其他工作组。

His sole requirement is (was) that the system be adjusted.

他唯一的规定是把这个管理体系做些调节。

The orders were that we stay where we were.

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