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自考英语指导:自考英语写作常识

自考英语具体指导:自考英语创作基本常识

一、data的实际表达法

data在某一个时间范围固定不动不会改变:fixed in time

在一系列的时间范围中变化:changes over time

不断转变 的data在不一样状况下:

提升:increase or raise or rise or go up

降低:decrease or grow down or drop or fall ……

起伏:fluctuate or rebound or undulate or wave ……

平稳:remain stable or stabilize or level off ……

最常见的二种表达法:

形容词 介词方式(Verb Adverb form)

修饰词 名词形式(Adjective Noun form)

1. Verb Adverb form

The number of XXX

increase or jump or rise or decrease or drop or fall or fluctuate……

insignificantly or significantly or slightly or suddenly or rapidly or dramatically or sharply or steeply or steadily or gradually or slowly……

from (第一时间)to (第二時间)or between (第一时间)and (第二時间)

2. Adjective Noun form

There was a (very)sudden or rapid or dramatic or significant or sharp or steep or steady or gradual or slow or slight

increase or jump or rise or decrease or drop or fall or fluctuation (留意:以上许多词不能用以装饰fluctuation)

in the number of XXX from (第一时间)to (第二時间)or between (第一时间)and (第二時间)

叙述平稳的data:

The number of XXX remained steady or stable from (第一时间)to (第二時间)or between (第一时间) and (第二時间)

The number of XXX stayed the same from (第一时间)to (第二時间)or between (第一时间)and (第二時间)

There was little change or hardly any change or no change in the number of XXX from from (第一时间)to (第二時间)or between (第一时间)and (第二時间)

叙述不一样情况的data

Noun form:

steady drop or sharp rise peak or dramatic fall or sharp drop

Verbal form:

(to) bottom out or (to) reach the bottom or (to) increase gradually or (to) reach a plateau or (to) remain steady

叙述the highest point及其the lowest point

高些极大值:

The monthly profit or The figures or The situation ……

peaked in (月份 or 年)<时间范围加用at XXX> at XXX% or XXX(顶点data)

或是reached a peak or a high point at XXX% or XXX(顶点data)

底点极大值:

XXX bottomed out or reached

rock or the bottom or a low point

或是hit a trough

除此之外,在叙述全过程中也有许多的conjunctional words or sentences,最常见的固定搭配以下:

并排:as well as(句首 or 中),also,as well(句尾),either,neither,too,moreover, furthermore,in addition,additionally,besides,what’s more,apart from ……

举例说明:for example,for instance,to illustrate,as an illustration,in particular,

particularly,especially 客观事实:as a matter of fact,in fact,actually,as long as,so long as ……

类同 or 类似:similarly,likewise(句首 or 尾),at the same time,equally ……

转折点:however,whereas,nevertheless,nonetheless,though,although,even though,while,yet,on the contrary,contrarily,in contrast,conversely,on the other hand,unlikely,in stead (of),in spite of, despite of ……

缘故与結果

1. cause-suggestion (几乎不常见)

since or now that ……; I hope that……

because of or on account of or owing to or thanks to (doing)sth,I hope that……

2. cause-effect (较常见) XXX lead to or bring about or result in or account for ……

(一个语句), therefore or thus or hence or as a result or consequently or (and)so ……

3. effect-cause (较常见)

XXX be caused by or result from or be the result of or be the effect of or be the consequence of ……

(一个语句),because ……

it is adj. that ……

it is unimaginable that ……

it is undeniable that ……

it is interesting to discover that ……

二、图型类型及简述法

特指一份数据图:a data graph or chart or diagram or illustration or table

饼状图:pie chart

条形图或柱状图:bar chart or histogram

发展趋势趋势图:line chart or curve diagram

表格图:table

流程表或全过程图:flow chart or sequence diagram

程序流程图:processing or procedures diagram

下列是一些较常见的叙述使用方法

The table or chart diagram or graph shows (that)

According to the table or chart diagram or graph

As (is)shown in the table or chart diagram or graph

As can be seen from the table or chart or diagram or graph or figures,

figures or statistics shows (that)……

It can be seen from the figures or statistics

We can see from the figures or statistics

It is clear from the figures or statistics

It is apparent from the figures or statistics

table or chart or diagram or graph figures (that)……

table or chart or diagram or graph shows or describes or illustrates how

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